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2015 National Medal of Arts winners Mel Brooks for a lifetime of making the world laugh. As a writer, director, actor and musician, he pioneered the art of musical comedy, and his hilarious, thought-provoking work on film and in theater have earned him the rare distinction of winning Oscar, Emmy, Tony, and Grammy awards. Sandra Cisneros for enriching the American narrative. Through her novels, short stories and poetry, she explores issues of race, class and gender through the lives of ordinary people straddling multiple cultures. As an educator, she has deepened our understanding of American identity. Eugene O’Neill Theater Center for its unwavering support of American theater. For over 50 years, the Eugene O’Neill Theater Center has nurtured award-winning playwrights, directors and actors, enriched the craft of stage production and delighted audiences with exceptional programs. Morgan Freeman for his outstanding work as an actor, director and narrator. His iconic stage and screen performances have brought to life characters from the whole spectrum of the human experience, moving audiences around the world and influencing countless young artists. Philip Glass for his groundbreaking contributions to music and composition. One of the most prolific, inventive and influential artists of our time, he has expanded musical possibility with his operas, symphonies, film scores and wide-ranging collaborations. Berry Gordy for helping to create a trailblazing new sound in American music. As a record producer and songwriter, he helped build Motown, launching the music careers of countless legendary artists. His unique sound helped shape our nation’s story. Santiago Jiménez Jr. for expanding the horizon of American music. He has helped spread traditional conjunto music, blending the sounds and cultures of south Texas and Mexico. His lively melodies performed on the two-button accordion have captivated audiences around the world. Moises Kaufman for his powerful contributions to American theater. His work sensitively probes questions of culture and sexuality. His award-winning Tectonic Theater Project continues to move audiences with its bold portrayals of contemporary social issues. Ralph Lemon for his contribution to dance and the visual arts. As a self-proclaimed conceptualist, he uses dance as a source of physical communication, and his complex works withstand examination from all angles, revealing intimate truths about human nature and offering broader insights into the American experience. Audra McDonald for lighting up Broadway as one of its brightest stars. An unforgettable performer, she has won six Tony Awards. In musicals, concerts, operas and the recording studio, her rich, soulful voice continues to take her audiences to new heights. Luis Valdez for bringing Chicano culture to American drama. As a playwright, actor, writer and director, he illuminates the human spirit in the face of social injustice through award-winning stage, film and television productions. Jack Whitten for remaking the American canvas. As an abstract artist, he uses “casting,” acrylic paints and compounds to create new surfaces and textures, challenging our perceptions of shape and color. His powerful works of art put the American story in a new light. 2015 National HumanitiesMedal winners Rudolfo Anaya for his pioneering stories of the American southwest. His works of fiction and poetry celebrate the Chicano experience and reveal universal truths about the human condition — and as an educator, he has spread a love of literature to new generations. José Andrés for cultivating our palettes and shaping our culture. He has introduced new and vibrant ingredients to our nation, whether through his innovative techniques in the kitchen, his work on clean cooking technology and access to education, or the inspiration he provides to new Americans. Ron Chernow for bringing our nation’s story to life. Through his examination of America’s successful giants and titans, he also invites his readers to discover their failures and foibles, uncovering enduring lessons that inform our modern era. Louise Gluck for giving lyrical expression to our inner conflicts. Her use of verse connects us to the myths of the ancients, the magic of the natural world and the essence of who we are. Terry Gross for her artful probing of the human experience. Her patient, persistent questioning in thousands of interviews over four decades has pushed public figures to reveal personal motivations behind extraordinary lives — revealing simple truths that affirm our common humanity. Wynton Marsalis for celebrating the traditions of jazz music from New Orleans to Lincoln Center and beyond. As a virtuoso trumpet player, composer and educator, he has brought jazz to a wider audience and inspired music lovers to embrace America’s quintessential sound. James McBride for humanizing the complexities of discussing race in America. Through writings about his own uniquely American story, and his works of fiction informed by our shared history, his moving stories of love display the character of the American family. Louis Menand for prose and essays that invite us to think in new ways about the forces shaping our society. His influential works of intellectual and cultural history probe the power of ideas from one era to the next as they ripple across politics and culture. Elaine Pagels for her exploration of faith and its traditions. Through her study of ancient manuscripts and other scholarly work, she has generated new interest and dialogue about our contemporary search for knowledge and meaning. Prison University Project for transforming the lives of currently incarcerated people through higher education. Its programs offer opportunity and inspiration to their students, providing an example for others to emulate. Abraham Verghese for reminding us that the patient is the center of the medical enterprise. His range of proficiency embodies the diversity of the humanities, from his efforts to emphasize empathy in medicine to his imaginative renderings of the human drama. Isabel Wilkerson for championing the stories of an unsung history. Her masterful combination of intimate human narratives with broader societal trends allows us to measure the epic migration of a people by its vast impact on our nation and on each individual life. Citations as given by the White House.

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